The suspension begins at midnight, according to a statement from the Cruise Lines International Association. CLIA represents most of the major cruise lines, including Disney, Carnival, Princess, Norwegian and Royal Caribbean.
Norwegian Cruise Line President and CEO Harry Somer said his cruise line planned to resume cruises beginning April 12.
“This has been a challenging time, but we hope that this decision will enable us to focus on the future and a return to normal as soon as possible,” said CLIA President and CEO Kelly Craighead.
The CLIA statement said cruise lines are working on the return of ships at sea that are affected by the suspension.
The cruise industry supports more than 421,000 jobs in the US and annually contributes nearly $53 billion to the economy, CLIA said in a statement.
In Canada, the government has delayed the start of the cruise ship season in Canada, from April 2 to July 1. The delay applies to cruise ships capable of carrying more than 500 passengers and crew members.
CNN’s Jamiel Lynch, Rosa Flores, Sara Weisfeldt and Brian Rokus contributed to this report.